VHA Social Work
Intimate Partner Violence Assistance Program (IPVAP) - VETERANS & PARTNERS - What Is IPV?
The physical effects of IPV include both immediate injury and chronic health issues.
Some injuries may leave physical marks. Other injuries may not be obvious but still have lasting effects on physical health, brain functioning, and emotional well-being and can lead to death.
- Bruises and Cuts
- Broken Bones
- Black Eyes
- Traumatic Brain Injury – symptoms can include dizziness, confusion, headache
Chronic Health Issues:
- Bladder and Kidney Infections
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Central Nervous System Disorders
- Chronic Pain Syndromes
- Circulatory Conditions
- Difficulty Sleeping
- Gastrointestinal Disorders
- Irritable Bowel Syndromes
- Joint Disease
- Migraines and Headaches
Many of these same health issues are often reported by women Veterans who have experienced IPV. 6*
Are you experiencing these or other health concerns?
For emergency concerns, please call 911 or go to your nearest ER.
For non-emergencies, contact your provider or send a MyHealtheVet Secure Message. You may also call the Nurse Advice Line at 1-877-252-4866.
1. Glass, N., Laughon, K., Campbell, J., Wolf Chair, A. D., Block, C. R., Hanson, G., … Taliaferro, E. (2008). Non-fatal strangulation is an important risk factor for homicide of women. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 35(3), 329–335. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2007.02.065*
2. Black, M. C. (2011). Intimate partner violence and adverse health consequences: implications for clinicians. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine 5(5):428-439. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827611410265*
3. Breiding, M. J., Black, M. C., & Ryan, G. W. (2008). Chronic disease and health risk behaviors associated with intimate partner violence—18 U.S. states/territories, 2005. Annals of Epidemiology. 18:538–544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2008.02.005*
4. Crofford, L. J. Violence, stress, and somatic syndromes. (2007). Trauma Violence Abuse. 8:299–313. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838007303196*
5. Leserman, J. & Drossman, D.A. Relationship of abuse history to functional gastrointestinal disorders and symptoms. (2007). Trauma Violence Abuse. 8:331–343. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838007303240*
6. Gerber, M. R., Iverson, K. M., Dichter, M. E., Klap, R., & Latta, R. E. (2014). Women veterans and intimate partner violence: Current state of knowledge and future directions. Journal Of Women's Health, 23(4), 302-310. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2013.4513*