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VHA Social Work
Intimate Partner Violence Assistance Program (IPVAP) - VETERANS & PARTNERS - What Is IPV?
Physical - Any use of physical force meant to hurt, control, or intimidate.
- Hitting, slapping
- Strangulation/Choking, suffocating
- Shoving, kicking
- Restraining, hair pulling
- Using weapons or other objects to harm or intimidate
- Not all physical abuse is visible. Abuse such as strangulation can cause long-lasting internal physical damage, including brain injury. Other physical abuse can also cause or contribute to chronic medical issues that are not visible, such as damage to internal organs, reproductive issues, digestive difficulties, heart problems, and high blood pressure
- Some people experience only one form of intimate partner violence while others may experience many. Often IPV begins as infrequent mild emotional, verbal or controlling behavior, but it can escalate to become more frequent and severe. Intimate partner violence can be a single event or can occur on and off for many years.
- You do not have to be sure you are experiencing or using intimate partner violence to receive help from the Intimate Partner Violence Assistance Program.